UPDATE (December, 2014): I’m delighted to say that this post has been voted the ‘Most Influential Blog Post of 2014‘ in this year’s Edublog Awards. I owe a massive thank you to all those who voted for it; I hope those of you reading this for the first time today find it as useful as others have!
Today I’m going to show you how to use a video clip to uncover a variety of different language points in class. While the examples I give are somewhat specific to this clip, many if not all can be used with other clips without a great deal of adaptation required. Basically, today’s post is a template of ideas for using video clips that have no dialogue.
Before we begin, though, let me give you a little bit of background on this clip, which is one of my favourite on the whole of YouTube. What we see in this incredible video are scenes shot from a streetcar traveling down Market Street in San Francisco in 1905. This footage was captured just before the earthquake and fire of 1906 which completely destroyed the area. This is truly remarkable footage giving us insight into the lifestyles of a bygone California age.
Ok, before we get down to business, I’d like you all to watch the video yourselves, just to get a feel of it…
That really is something, isn’t it? At this point I should mention that the footage is available in royalty free format from www.archive.org.
Now, let’s think of all the ways we can use this clip to uncover grammar points in the classroom. You might want to use it for any one of these points, or combine several to make for one lesson themed around early 20th Century San Francisco: the choice is yours.
Talking about the past
Let’s deal with the obvious; this video shows history. It makes for a great opportunity to discuss all kinds of verb tenses. Here are just a few questions you could pose your learners:
1. Simple past
- What did people wear in those days?
- How did people dress?
A description of clothes would be a simple way to do this, while a discussion on the formality of clothing styles would also work well
- What was transport like in early 20th Century San Francisco?
- How did people move around?
Draw comparison with the present time, or ask for thoughts on transport and the amount of traffic visible.
2. Past continuous
- While watching this video, make not of five things that people were doing.
- Where do you think people were going? Where were people coming from?
3. Present perfect
- How have styles of dress changed in the years since then?
- How has transport developed since early 20th Century San Francisco?
Almost everyone is formally dressed in the clip; is the same true nowadays? What remains and what has disappeared?
Real time action
Treat the scene as if it were happening in the here and now.
4. Present continuous
- Where are people going?
- What are people doing?
Consider the reasons for these actions to promote creative thinking.
Reflecting on the past
Things have changed greatly in the world since then. How did people live? What is better or worse in the modern world? What thoughts does this video put in our minds?
5. Unreal conditional
- If you could travel back to the time and place this video was made, what 2/3 things would you like to do? Why?
6. Past habits
- Based on what you saw in this video, what kind of habits did people have in early 20th Century San Francisco?
- What did people use to do on a regular basis?
This again makes for an interesting comparison with modern day habits.
7. Focus on articles
This would lend itself to a nice little paragraph about how we use articles. Here are the first few sentences for you:
This video shows ___ San Francisco (no article with city names) in 1905. It was filmed on ___ Main Street (no article with street names). One year later, ___ earthquake (indefinite article with the first mention of a general, non-specific noun) destroyed ___ city (definite article because we know which city, i.e. it has already been mentioned). ___ earthquake (definite article with the second mention of a general, non-specific noun) killed many thousands of people and destroyed many of ___ (test time: why the definite article here?) buildings in this clip.
Activities that develop creative thought
8. Focus on one character in the video
Look at the man in this image. Write about his life:
- Who was he?
- Where was he going on this day?
- Why was he in a rush?
- Did he get onto the tram?
- Where had he come from?
- What was he holding in his hand?
9. Modal verbs to describe the ‘laws of the road’
Write down a list of rules for appropriate transport / pedestrian behaviour on Main Street San Francisco in 1905. Make them funny by contrasting them with what we can do today.
- People should run in front of the tram.
- Horses and cars must drive across the tram line at all times.
- No one needs to be careful of traffic in any way.
10. Compare life then and now
Give 3/4/5 examples to complete each of these sentences:
- Life is better/worse now because…
- Life was better/worse then because…
Now that I’ve given you ten ideas on how to exploit this video, I want you to give me more ideas. I think most of the ideas I’ve suggested here could be used with any clip that doesn’t have dialogue. Furthermore, I think you could combine several of these ideas to make a really good lesson. I still want more, though… Any good ideas mentioned in the comments will be added to this post, so don’t be shy!